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TDS – Complete Details

TDS (Tax Deducted at Source). Introduction of TDS. The concept of TDS was introduced with an aim to collect tax from the very source of income. As per this concept, a person (deductor) who is liable to make payment of specified nature to any other person (deductee) shall deduct tax at source and remit the same into the account of the Central Government. The deductee from whose income tax has been deducted at source would be entitled to get credit of the amount so deducted on the basis of Form 26AS or TDS certificate issued by the deductor.


Generally, tax is required to be deducted at the time of the credit to account of the payee or at the time of payment, Whichever is earlier

However, In case of payment of salary and payment in respect of life insurance policy, tax is required to be deducted at the time of payment.

Rates for deduct of tax at source (TDS)

Taxes shall be deducted at the rates specified in the relevant provisions of the Act or the First Schedule to the Finance Act. However, in case of payment to non-resident persons, the withholding tax rates specified under the Double Taxation Avoidance Agreements shall also be considered

How to pay Tax Deducted/Collected at source?

Tax deducted or collected at source shall be deposited to the credit of the Central Government by following modes:

  • 1) Electronic mode: E-Payment is mandatory for
    • a) All corporate assesses; and
    • b) All assesses (other than company) to whom provisions of section 44AB of the Income Tax Act, 1961 are applicable.
  • 2) Physical Mode: By furnishing the Challan 281 in the authorized bank branch

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