Tax Planning Considerations for Salary Income, The scope for tax planning from the angle of employees is limited. The definition of salary is very wide and includes not only monetary salary but also benefits and perquisites in kind. The only deductions available in respect of salary income are the deduction for entertainment allowance and deduction for professional tax. Therefore, the scope for tax planning in respect of salary income is severely limited. However, the following are some ideas of tax planning in regard to salary income. Now Check more details for Tax Planning Considerations for Salary Income from below.
Tax Planning Considerations for Salary Income
The employer should not pay a consolidated amount as salary to the employee. If it is so paid, the entire amount of salary will become taxable without any exemption. Therefore, he can split the same and pay it as basic salary plus various allowances and perquisites. The employer can give such allowances like special compensatory allowance, border area allowance or remote area allowance or difficult area allowance or disturbed area allowance depending upon the posting of the employee. Some exemptions are available in respect of these allowances. In this connection, Rule 2BB specifies the exempt allowances. The employer has to make a careful study and fix the salary structure in such a manner that it will include allowances which are exempt. The employer will get a deduction of all the above amounts paid in his assessment.
Any payment made by an employer on behalf of an employee to maintain a life policy will be treated as perquisite in the hands of the employee. Further, payments received from the employer in respect of Keyman Insurance policies constitute income in the hands of the employees. However, the payment of premium by the employer on behalf of the employee will not be treated as a perquisite in the case of accidental insurance policies. This is due to the fact that the employer has a vested interest in the safety of the life of his employee who is engaged in such dangerous occupations. Further, any sum paid by the employer in respect of any mediclaim premium paid by the employee to keep in force an insurance on his health or the health of any member of his family under any scheme approved by the Central Government for the purpose of section 80D is not a perquisite in the hands of the employee.
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Leave travel facility:
The employer should extend leave travel facility to the employees at all levels. Under section 10(5) of the Income-tax Act, 1961, exemption is provided in the hands of the employee in respect of leave travel concession.
House Rent Allowance (HRA):
An employee should analyze the tax incidence of a perquisite and an allowance, whenever he is given an option, in order to choose the one which is more beneficial to him. In the case of Rent Free Accommodation vs. HRA, it must be noted that the perquisite of rent free accommodation is taxed as per Rule 3(1) of the Income-tax Rules, 1962 and HRA is exempt to the extent mentioned in section 10(13A) read with Rule 2A.
Uncommuted pension is fully taxable. Therefore, the employees should get their pension commuted. Commuted pension is fully exempt from tax in the case of government employees and partly exempt from tax in the case of non-government employees.