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SEBI Overview – History, Powers, Functions & Responsibilities

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SEBI Overview – History, Powers, Functions & Responsibilities

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History of SEBI:-

  1. It was officially established by The Government of India in the year 1988 and given statutory powers in 1992 with SEBI Act 1992 being passed by the Indian Parliament.
  2. SEBI has its Headquarters at the business district of Bandra Kurla Complex in Mumbai, and has Northern, Eastern, Southern and Western Regional Offices in New Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai and Ahmedabad respectively.
  3. Controller of Capital Issues was the regulatory authority before SEBI came into existence; it derived authority from the Capital Issues (Control) Act, 1947.
  4. Initially SEBI was a non statutory body without any statutory power.
  5. However in the year of 1995, the SEBI was given additional statutory power by the Government of India through an amendment to the Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992.
  6. In April, 1988 the SEBI was constituted as the regulator of capital markets in India under a resolution of the Government of India.
  7. The SEBI is managed by its members, which consists of following:
    • a) The chairman who is nominated by Union Government of India.
      b) Two members, i.e. Officers from Union Finance Ministry.
      c) One member from The Reserve Bank of India.
      d) The remaining 5 members are nominated by Union Government of India, out of them at least 3 shall be whole-time members.
  8. The office of SEBI is situated at SEBI Bhavan, Bandra Kurla Complex, Bandra East, Mumbai- 400051, with its regional offices at Kolkata, Delhi,Chennai & Ahmadabad.
  9. It has recently opened local offices at Jaipur and Bangalore and is planning to open offices at Guwahati, Bhubaneshwar, Patna, Kochi and Chandigarh in Financial Year 2013 – 2014.

SEBI Agency overview:-

  1. Formed 12 April 1992
  2. Jurisdiction Government of India
  3. Headquarters Mumbai, Maharashtra
  4. Employees 643 (2012)
  5. Agency executive U. K. Sinha, Chairman

Functions and responsibilities:-

1.The Preamble of the Securities and Exchange Board of India describes the basic functions of the Securities and Exchange Board of India as to protect the interests of investors in securities and to promote the development of, and to regulate the securities market and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
2.SEBI has to be responsive to the needs of three groups, which constitute the market:

a)the issuers of securities
b)the investors
c)the market intermediaries.

3.SEBI has three functions rolled into one body: quasi-legislative, quasi-judicial and quasi-executive.
4.It drafts regulations in its legislative capacity, it conducts investigation and enforcement action in its executive function and it passes rulings and orders in its judicial capacity.
5.Though this makes it very powerful, there is an appeal process to create accountability.
6.There is a Securities Appellate Tribunal which is a three-member tribunal and is presently headed by Mr. Justice J P Devadhar, a former judge of the Bombay High Court.
7.A second appeal lies directly to the Supreme Court.
8.SEBI has taken a very proactive role in streamlining disclosure requirements to international standards.

Powers of SEBI:-

For the discharge of its functions efficiently, SEBI has been vested with the following powers:

1.to approve by−laws of stock exchanges.sebi
2.to require the stock exchange to amend their by−laws.
3.inspect the books of accounts and call for periodical returns from recognized stock exchanges.
4.inspect the books of accounts of a financial intermediaries.
5.compel certain companies to list their shares in one or more stock exchanges.
6.registration brokers.
there are two types of brokers.

1.circuit broker
2.merchant broker

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SEBI Committees:-

1.Technical Advisory Committee
2.Committee for review of structure of market infrastructure institutions
3.Members of the Advisory Committee for the SEBI Investor Protection and Education Fund
4.Takeover Regulations Advisory Committee
5.Primary Market Advisory Committee (PMAC)
6.Secondary Market Advisory Committee (SMAC)
7.Mutual Fund Advisory Committee
8.Corporate Bonds & Securitiza-tion Advisory Committee

List of former Chairmen:-

C. B. Bhave – 18 February 2008 to 18 February 2011
M. Damodaran – 18 February 2005 to 18 February 2008
G. N. Bajpai – 20 February 2002 to 18 February 2005
D. R. Mehta – 21 February 1995 to 20 February 2002
S. S. Nadkarni – 17 January 1994 to 31 January 1995
G. V. Ramakrishna – 24 August 1990 to 17 January 1994
Dr. S. A. Dave – 12 April 1988 to 23 August 1990.

U.K sinha – chairman (incumbent)

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